Myofascial pain disorder is a problem that involves inflammation and severe pain in the connective tissue of the muscles. These connective tissues that protect and cover the muscles are otherwise known as fascia.
This particular disorder involves sensitive areas of the body that are referred to as trigger points, which is considered as its distinct characteristic. These areas are generally found in the fascia or within tight muscles. The trigger point might involve either a solitary muscle or a group of muscles.
Causes of Myofascial Pain Disorder
The cause behind this chronic situation is primarily unknown. Myofascial pain disorder often happens after overstretching, straining or repetitive movements.
It can also take place due to immobility or lack of exercise of the muscles, ligaments and tendons. Other organic conditions like heart stroke, injury in the vertebral disk or damaged bone can also cause myofascial pain.
Symptoms of Myofascial Pain Disorder
The foremost symptom of this problem is a sudden, long-lasting, continuous pain typically along the neck area, shoulder blades, chest and lower back. The discomfort could easily get worse after putting too much pressure on the trigger points. These points can also worsen after a lot of strenuous activity or stress.
In myofascial pain disorder, the muscles that are affected are usually inflamed. Other common symptoms are the following:
- A muscle that’s tender or painful to touch
- Muscle mass pain that occurs when pushing a trigger point
- Weakness on the impacted muscle
- Pain that is somewhat like stabbing, aching or burning
- Limited flexibility in the affected area
Aside from the symptoms associated with pain, this problem can also be linked with additional common health problems such as exhaustion, sleeping issues, depression, behavioral disturbances and tension headache.
Getting a Myofascial Pain Disorder Diagnosis
Your physician is the one who can identify this problem. The physician begins by assessing your own history of recent accidents or injuries. He will then measure the location, extent and frequency associated with pain.
To confirm the diagnosis that he made, he will then proceed by examining the trigger points. He’ll identify the points based on the stress applied on the common locations that are affected. He’ll also test to rule out other factors that can be causing the pain.
Myofascial Pain Disorder Treatment
If you were identified to have one, the easiest method to treat this condition would be to ask an advice from your physician. The treatment program may vary depending on the strength and duration of pain.
You will most likely be advised to take anti-inflammatory and painkillers. Occasionally, he will also suggest muscle relaxants and anti depressants to soothe the muscle tissue from pain as well as treat other sleeping problems, exhaustion and insomnia that are also associated with myofascial pain.
Local anesthetics can also be injected straight at the trigger points. Trigger point shots are usually intended for persistent cases.
As the symptoms subside, your activities can be increased. Just make sure to increase your movements gradually. If you will suddenly increase your movements, myofascial pain disorder may re-occur.
Myofascial pain disorder is a very frustrating as well as stressful condition. Nevertheless, arming yourself with knowledge can help you easily combat this issue.
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