Myofascial Syndrome refers to a chronic medical disorder that involves inflammation and pain in the connective tissue of a muscle or group of muscles. These connective tissues that guard the muscles are known as fascia. The correct terminology for this syndrome is myofascial pain syndrome or chronic myofascial pain syndrome.
The cause of this chronic condition is unknown. Myofascial syndrome often occurs after muscle stressing, overstretching or repeated motion. It can also take place as a consequence of immobility or lack of activity that you see, for example, in people with a stroke, an injury in the vertebral disc or after having a broken bone.
All about Trigger Points
In myofascial syndrome, there are areas that are termed tender or trigger points that are commonly found in areas of your body that have a lot of muscle. However, a trigger point may be present in a single muscle or in a muscle group.
When pressed, these areas in the muscles lead to agonizing pain. These points can also cause your muscles to feel weak and exhausted.
Myofascial trigger points are common. There are about 44 million Americans who suffer with this. This is also known as one of the primary reasons of disability in the working age group.
Myofascial Syndrome Symptoms And Signs
Myofascial pain can lead to feelings of restricted movement, tightness and chronic pain. There can also be increased pain associated with your movements.
Aside from the chronic pain connected to myofascial syndrome, an individual with this type of problem can also suffer from headache, fatigue, insomnia, behavioral disruptions and depressive symptoms.
Diagnosis of Myofascial Syndrome
In diagnosing myofascial syndrome, your physician is your greatest ally. Self-diagnosis is useless. You need a physician.
The physician begins by examining your history of a recent injury. He will then proceed by determining the location, length of time, character and consistency of pain.
To confirm the diagnosis, the physician will perform a physical exam that targets the points. He will recognize the trigger points based on the pressure applied on the usual areas that are afflicted. He will also try to see if there are other factors that cause your pain.
Myofascial Syndrome Treatment Solution
If you are diagnosed with myofascial syndrome, the best way to deal with this condition is to, again, obtain assistance from your physician. The treatment options commonly depend on the intensity and duration of pain.
The physician may prescribe anti-inflammatory and painkillers. He may also recommend muscle relaxants and anti-depressants to calm the muscles from pain, treat sleeping problems and insomnia.
Local anesthetics can also be injected at the trigger point. Trigger point injections are usually reserved for chronic cases that don’t respond to other treatments.
Natural remedies like hypnosis, massage, pain management and stretching exercises can also help. They are low-cost, convenient and commonly safe.
You can help your healing by getting the right amount of sleep, improving your eating habits and getting some physical activity in your life.
Myofascial pain syndrome is a very painful condition that can affect you for a very long time. But, with the current treatments, you may be able to bring your pain down to a level you can live with.